Nagcarlan has a total population of 69,157 (BMIS Survey 2016) and a total land area of 8,286 hectares. Fifty-two barangays comprise the municipality, three of which are urban and the remaining forty-nine are rural barangays. Land devoted to agriculture is 6,663 hectares or 80.41% of the total land area. Basic crops are coconut, rice, lanzones, rambutan, santol, citrus, avocado, banana, root crops and vegetables.
Its climatic condition is characterized by two pronounced seasons: Dry from February to May and Wet from June to January. Temperature is slightly higher than Tagaytay but much lower than Manila. The coolest months are from November to February.
Thriving industries include poultry and hog-raising, butchery and meat trading, meat processing, sweetened fruit preserves, cut flower production, purified drinking water, and cottage industries such as espasol (a rice delicacy), bread and crackers, purple yam jam, kropeck, banana chips, cassava chips, sing-a-ling, and homemade candies.
Roman Catholicism remains to be the predominant religion of the populace although there has been significant growth in membership of other sects such as the Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Iglesia ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Emmanuel Bible Baptist Church, Born-again Christians, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon). The town celebrates its fiesta on August 24 and 25 in honor of St. Bartholomew the Apostle and St. Diego of Alcala.
There are a number of elegant resorts which offer near-complete amenities for comfort and a pleasurable stay. Equally remarkable to see is the grandeur of the age-old Underground Cemetery and Roman Catholic Church.
Not to be missed is the splendor of country living and religious beliefs of rural folks every Friday morning at the “Kapilya ni San Jusep” or Saint Joseph’s Chapel in the barangays of Sinipian and Balimbing. A visit to the place offers the experience of tasting different local “kakanins” or native delicacies.
Cradled at the foot of the gigantic Mt. Banahaw and Mt. San Cristobal, Nagcarlan is surrounded by six smaller, albeit equally magnificent mountains: Mt. Atimla, Mt. Mabilog, Mt. Nagcarlan, Mt. Malauban, Mt. Lansay, and Mt. Bayaquitos. Nature has likewise endowed this town with spectacular bodies of water – the Bunga Twin Falls, the Yambo Lake, the Talahibing River and numerous streams flowing from up the mountains.